FAQ: Types of Tea - goods

FAQ: Types of Tea

Black Tea

This tea goes through the longest process from start to finish.  Once the leaves are picked they are left out in the sun to become slightly wilted.  The leaves are then rolled to break open their tissue.  The inner chemicals react with the air and begin to ferment.  During the fermentation, the leaves darken and change from green to red and finally to black.  After the fermenting is complete, the leaves are dried and packaged. 

Green Tea

Green tea is from the same plant as other teas but goes through a different process, without the same fermentation. After the tea leaves are plucked and sorted, they are either steamed or pan fired. Green tea has less caffeine than black tea. The leaves are often rolled into different shapes before drying.  Sencha tea is rolled into fine strands, while gunpowder tea leaves are rolled into pellets.  Once the leaves are shaped, they are dried and packaged. Green tea contains HGCG; a very powerful antioxidant that can only be found in in its leaves.

Tisane

A tisane, or perhaps more commonly known to some as “herbal tea” includes practically anything that can be steeped in hot water that does not originate from the tea plant, Camellia sinensis. As such, a tisane or herbal tea is therefore not technically speaking, tea.

A tisane includes berries, fruits, flowers, herbs, roots, and spices. Used throughout history for their known medicinal qualities, the vast majority of the ingredients in tisanes have been prepared and consumed for centuries, and for some in particular, even millennia. Tisanes included such classics as sleep-inducing chamomile, as well as the coumarin flavour of rooibos – a South African staple that produces a rich red infusion that is at least as antioxidant-rich as any tea, yet naturally caffeine-free.

Sloane Tea Company’s tisanes are lavishly blended with an array of flavours and exotic ingredients, and are indeed as delicious as they are beautiful. From our Rouge Provence that uses rooibos as its base and takes it to new heights with the perfect blend of southern France’s floral notes, to our Citron Chamomile that incorporates soothing chamomile with a delightful mix of Indian lemongrass and citrus.

Sencha

Sencha tea refers to Japanese ryokucha which is made into a green tea beverage by infusing the processed whole tea leaves in hot water. It is the most popular tea in Japan. This is as opposed, for example, to matcha powdered Japanese green tea, where the green tea powder is mixed with hot water and therefore the leaf itself is included in the beverage.

Rooibos

A tisane (herbal) produced from the leaf of Aspalathus linoaris, not Camellia sinensis. Grown only in South Africa, Rooibos means “red bush” in Afrikaans and is so called due to the colour of its processed leaf. It is caffeine-free, rich in vitamin C, mineral salts, proteins, and abundant with antioxidants.

Rooibos is harvested manually, and at this stage, is still green. It then undergoes a fermentation process in mounds and is then spread out to dry in the sunlight. Oxidation turns the tisane red, and as a final stage of production, the rooibos is sterilized by steam, dried in commercial dryers, sifted and packed.